Unveiling The Impact Of DDoS Attacks

Navigate the DDoS deluge with our expertise


Redefining resilience: Protecting DNS from DDoS with TCPWave.

Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks pose a significant threat to the availability of Internet-based services. As DNS is a core component of the Internet infrastructure, ensuring its resilience against DDoS attacks is crucial. Many organizations rely on managed DNS service providers for protection against such attacks. However, recent events involving attacks on NS1 and Dyn have highlighted the vulnerability of even the most reputed providers. In this case study, we analyze the impact of DDoS attacks in our simulated environment and explore strategies for organizations to protect themselves by avoiding risks and reducing single points of failure in their core network services.

On May 16th, 2016 & October 21st, 2016:

NS1 suffered a DDoS attack that resulted in a disruption of its DNS services. During a DDoS attack, a massive volume of traffic is directed towards a target network or server, overwhelming its capacity and causing it to become inaccessible. In NS1's case, the attack specifically targeted their DNS infrastructure, flooding their servers with an enormous amount of malicious traffic. As a result, NS1's DNS services were severely affected, impacting the availability and performance of the domains relying on their infrastructure. Dyn encountered a massive DDoS attack that caused widespread disruptions to its DNS services. The attack targeted Dyn's infrastructure and overwhelmed their servers with a massive influx of malicious traffic. The attack used a botnet, a network of compromised computers, to generate a massive volume of requests to Dyn's DNS servers, effectively saturating their resources and making their services inaccessible. As a result, many popular websites and online services relying on Dyn's DNS infrastructure experienced prolonged outages, leading to significant disruptions for internet users.

Analyzing the Impact
Large-Scale DDoS Attacks on NS1 and Dyn: Disrupting DNS Services:

NS1 and Dyn encountered large-scale Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks, which aimed to overwhelm their DNS infrastructure by flooding their servers with an immense volume of traffic. These attacks were not traditional hacking incidents but rather sought to disrupt the services by depleting their resources. Although unauthorized access and data breaches did not occur, the goal was to render the DNS services inaccessible. Effective defense against DDoS attacks requires robust infrastructure, proactive security measures, and vigilant network monitoring. To assess the impact of such attacks on NS1 and Dyn, we conducted an internal simulation using our global internal DNS infrastructure, focusing on replicating the behavior of domains reliant on NS1 or Dyn as their DNS service provider.

Key Findings after the Attack
Optimizing Risk Management: The Shift towards Effective Risk Spreading

Following the DDoS attacks, we observed a significant decline in the number of domains exclusively using a single provider. Organizations began adopting risk-spreading strategies by utilizing multiple providers to mitigate the impact of a single provider's outage. While large managed DNS providers are better equipped to handle attacks, our case studies revealed that they are not immune to such incidents. Thus, relying solely on a single provider may not be a wise choice. Spreading risk through multiple providers emerged as an effective countermeasure, albeit potentially at a higher cost.

Benefits of TCPWave in Protecting Against DDoS Attacks
Alerting, Early Detection, and Mitigating Single Points Of Failure through Risk Spreading

TCPWave's integrated solution can detect and alert the organization's command center about any potential DDoS attacks on their managed DNS providers. This early detection capability allows organizations to take swift action to mitigate the impact and minimize downtime. By utilizing TCPWave's support for multiple DNS service providers, organizations can avoid relying solely on a single provider. This reduces the risk of a single point of failure, ensuring continuity of DNS services even if one provider is targeted by a DDoS attack. TCPWave's ability to manage multiple DNS providers across various cloud service providers, including Akamai, Nester, Cloudflare, Oracle, NS1, and more, empowers organizations to adopt a risk-spreading approach. By diversifying their DNS infrastructure, organizations can distribute their DNS services across multiple providers, effectively reducing the impact of an outage caused by a DDoS attack.


Overall, our comprehensive suite of protection mechanisms, along with its proactive alerting and seamless integration capabilities, would have played a crucial role in safeguarding NS1 and Dyn against DDoS attacks. With an early warning system, automated mitigation measures, and advanced threat detection, we ensure a resilient DNS infrastructure and effective incident response, reducing the impact of such attacks and maintaining the availability of critical services. DDoS attacks on managed DNS providers pose a significant threat to the availability of Internet-based services. Organizations need to prioritize the protection of their core network services and ensure resilience against such attacks. By leveraging our comprehensive support for multiple DNS service providers and its advanced AIOps methods, organizations can reduce the risk of outages caused by DDoS attacks. Our integrated solution empowers organizations to proactively detect and respond to threats, reduce single points of failure, and adopt risk-spreading strategies, ultimately ensuring the continuous availability of their DNS infrastructure.